The Socratic method of dialogue originated with Socrates, over 2,000 years ago, during the Golden Age of Greece. Plato, a student of Socrates, modified the method by including the style of logic known as induction. It is the modified method of Plato, known as the modern Socratic method, that is popular in classrooms today. In fact, it is used extensively in law schools as a standard method of instruction.
The Socratic method of teaching generates active student involvement in the lesson. More than just getting students to talk, it helps them to develop reasoning skills as well as communication skills. Several studies over the years have shown that student performance has improved as a result of the method.